EGD (esophagogastroduodenoscopy) is a minimally invasive procedure for diagnosing symptoms affecting the upper gastrointestinal tract. The board-certified Arizona Preferred Surgeons team in Glendale, Arizona, performs EGDs to evaluate patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and peptic ulcer disease. To find out why you should choose Arizona Preferred Surgeons for your EGD, call their office today or book an appointment online.
An esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is also called an upper GI endoscopy. It’s a procedure in which your doctor uses an endoscope to examine your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (the top part of your small intestine).
The endoscope is a flexible instrument with a tiny camera on its end. It goes down your throat into your stomach. Your doctor sees the images the camera sends back on a screen. They use these images to examine the tissues and look for anything abnormal.
Arizona Preferred Surgeons might also use capsule endoscopy. This involves swallowing a pill (PillCam™ ESO) containing a miniature camera. The pill passes through your entire gastrointestinal system, sending back images as it goes.
You might need an EGD if you have symptoms of a disease affecting your esophagus, stomach, or duodenum. These symptoms include:
In many cases, other tests can determine the cause of these symptoms. But if there’s no clear explanation, an EGD could provide the answers.
Before an EGD, you need to empty your stomach. Your doctor will tell you when to stop eating and drinking before the test.
Monitors are attached to your skin so that the Arizona Preferred Surgeons team can keep an eye on your breathing, heart rate, oxygen levels, and blood pressure. They give you a sedative through an intravenous (IV) needle into a blood vessel in your arm. The sedative makes you calm and sleepy.
Before inserting the endoscope, your provider sprays a local anesthetic into your throat to minimize discomfort. You also wear a mouth guard to prevent damaging your teeth or the camera. You might feel pressure in your throat as the endoscope goes down, but it shouldn’t be painful.
Your provider examines the images sent back by the endoscope’s camera. They pass air through the endoscope if they need to see more clearly. They can also take tissue samples (biopsies) for testing in the lab. When your EGD is done, your doctor removes the endoscope. The procedure usually takes 15-30 minutes.
You might find your throat feels strange or sore after the EGD. You’ll also feel sleepy for a while because of the sedative. Some people have little or no memory of the EGD afterward.
Your provider will discuss the findings with you. They’ll also recommend further surgery if conditions like gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and peptic ulcer disease are found.
Call Arizona Preferred Surgeons today or book an appointment online to learn more about EGD.